Anda-gumi – (an-dah-goo-mee) The literal translation is Easy to Braid and the descriptive name is Plain Weave. This braid is typically the first one students learn on a Takadai, a Square Plate or an Octo Plate.

Anda-gumi, also known as a 1-1 weave (over one, under one), is made by passing each strand or bundle of weft fibers over and under each warp. Each row alternates producing a high number of intersections.  Because of its simplicity, this braid can be done with any number of tama/bobbins.

 

An example of Warp and Weft

 

 

 

 

 

When braiding on the Taka-dai, warp threads lay at an oblique angle.  In place of a separate weft thread, each warp, strand or thread bundle will take a turn to become a weft and interlace through the braid structure.

 

 

 

 

DOMYO,  Kumihimo: The Art of Japanese Silk Braiding by DOMYO. Braided Sash from the Shosoin repository. Andagumi, ichimai Koraigumi, 8th Century. 11 Dec. 2021, Japan House, Los Angeles.